Deer fencing is a type of barrier designed to prevent deer and other wildlife from entering specific areas, such as gardens, farms, or protected natural areas. These fences are typically taller and more robust than traditional garden fences because deer are larger and more determined animals. The primary purpose of deer fencing is to protect crops, plants, and landscapes from deer damage.
Here’s how deer fencing generally works:
- Fence Height: Deer are capable of jumping quite high, so deer fences are usually at least 8 to 10 feet tall to deter them from leaping over.
- Material: Deer fencing is commonly made from materials like metal, polypropylene, or high-tensile wire. The choice of material depends on factors such as durability, visibility, and cost.
- Mesh Size: The fence’s mesh or gaps between the wires should be small enough to prevent deer from squeezing through. Generally, a mesh size of 2 inches by 4 inches or smaller is recommended.
- Visibility: Some types of deer fencing are designed to be nearly invisible or blend into the environment to minimize the visual impact on the landscape.
- Installation: Proper installation is crucial for the effectiveness of deer fencing. The fence should be installed securely in the ground to prevent deer from burrowing underneath. It’s also important to ensure there are no gaps or weak points that deer could exploit.
- Gates: Deer fencing includes gates for human access. These gates need to be securely constructed to prevent deer from slipping through when the gate is closed.
- Maintenance: Regular maintenance is important to ensure the fence remains effective. Inspect the fence for any damage or wear, and repair any issues promptly. Over time, weather conditions and wildlife activity can weaken the fence, so staying vigilant is key.
- Scents and Repellents: Some deer fencing systems incorporate scents or repellents that discourage deer from approaching the fence in the first place. These may be natural or chemical-based solutions.
- Electric Fencing: In some cases, electric fencing is used as an additional deterrent. When a deer touches the electric fence, it delivers a mild electric shock, deterring the animal from attempting to breach the fence again.
- Landscaping: Landscaping strategies can also complement deer fencing. Planting deer-resistant plants or using scents that deer dislike around the fenced area can further discourage deer from approaching.
It’s important to note that while deer fencing can be highly effective, no solution is entirely foolproof. Determined deer might still find ways to breach or circumvent the fence. Additionally, deer fencing can be expensive to install and might impact the visual appeal of the area, so careful consideration is needed before implementing this solution.